Our main projects are listed below. Click on each to see further details (and within those details there is a link that zooms into our map to show the area of the project, and what has been implemented).
To see our whole map with the project areas shown, click here.
Since its inception in 2013, the PVFF has also:
As with our other NFM projects, this NFM project has aimed to reduce the peak flows from one of the fast reacting tributary streams that flow off the clay ridge to the south of the River Pang. In this case, the project has focused on Osgood's Gully stream as it flows through Redhill Copse. This is the fastest reacting tributory stream after intense rain events. We followed the Environment Agency's Natural Flood Management (NFM) strategy to implement natural techniques to slow the flow, to hold back water and to reduce the height of peak flow levels.
The project was funded by a grant from the Thames Regional Flood and Coastal Committee (RFCC), allocated for NFM projects. The project was sponsored by West Berkshire Council and kindly managed by Bucklebury Estate.
Bucklebury Estate was already conducting a project to improve the biodiversity on Bucklebury Common, involving the reinstatement of historic ponds, the thinning of overgrown woods and the opening up of areas to natural light. The Estate kindly approached the Pang Valley Flood Forum to ask how we might work together to reduce flood risk. The Flood Forum had already noted the potential for NFM leaky barriers in the Redhill Copse area and thus suggested that opportunity.
The Redhill Copse area was within the Estate's planned woodland management project. The project thus coordinated the thinning and felling of suitable trees with the NFM work, so that the same machinery and delivery team could be used for both (thereby reducing carbon costs of machinery). Oak logs felled in the thinning project were then used on site for the construction of the leaky dams.
The PVFF and Bucklebury Estate team mapped out suitable points for 13 leaky dams and silt trap pond area and then on the ground with a study of the actual topology and tree locations.
The previous PVFF NFM projects had implemented leaky dams of a less formal construction that we had observed being less able to hold back water in low and medium flow scenarios. For this project we choose to use a more rigid and structured leaky dam design, seen in other projects outside of the Pang Valley. These then required vertical posts of oak, three tidy horizontal oak logs, with the bottom log being embedded into the ground to reduce seepage underneath. The horizontal logs were embedded into the channel banks and secured with wire to the vertical logs.
Construction of the dams was carried out by the Bucklebury Estate forestry team, who had been working in Redhill Copse.
As with our project on the Bourne, this NFM project has aimed to reduce the peak flows down the Elmwood Stream (the largest tributary into the Pang upstream of Bucklebury Ford) after intense rain events. We have followed the Environment Agency's Natural Flood Management (NFM) strategy to implement natural techniques to slow the flow, to hold back water and to reduce the height of peak flow levels.
The project was funded by a DEFRA NFM Grant (administered by the Environment Agency), specifically allocated for community level groups to use on NFM projects. The project was managed by an experienced volunteer from within the PVFF, and with the support of The Marlston Estate, through which the Elmwood Stream flows.
The PVFF team chose this catchment following a study of the key inflowing stream catchments that contribute large flows to the Pang from the clay layer on the Bucklebury ridge.
The project has implemented 24 'leaky dams' on the Elmwood Stream. Construction of the dams was carried out by Englefield Forestry having gained experience on the River Bourne project.
Additional measures included log barriers and "dragon's teeth" to prevent 4x4 access to the stream which has caused damage over the years through misuse, doubling up as leaky dams.
This natural flood management project has aimed to reduce the peak flows down the Bourne (the largest tributary into the Pang upstream of Tidmarsh) after intense rain events. We have followed the Environment Agency's Natural Flood Management (NFM) strategy to implement natural techniques to slow the flow, to hold back water and to reduce the height of peak flow levels.
The project was funded by a DEFRA NFM Grant (administered by the Environment Agency), specifically allocated for community level groups to use on NFM projects. The project was managed by an experienced volunteer from within the PVFF, and with the support of Englefield Estate, through which the Bourne flows.
The project has implemented 38 'leaky dams' on the River Bourne. Construction of the dams was carried out by Englefield Forestry with advice from the Environment Agency (with expertise gained in the Stroud Area). Additional works included: bank reinforcement and protection measures to limit runoff and erosion from a forestry track.
A Reading University team conducted flow monitoring.
A post construction River Habitat Survey and Modified Condition Assessment survey is planned for November 2020.
The project was featured on BBC South Today.
The project aimed to create a shareable map available online that combined map data from the EA, WBC, the British Geological Society and specific map information gathered by the PVFF itself.
Parish representatives through the valley mapped:
The PVFF team have used this information as the basis for valley wide maintenance plans and to identify opportunities for 'slow the flow' natural flood management projects.
The PVFF team used Google My Maps to create a framework through which parish representatives could record the locations of the Key Points in their own area, and could record "Who maintains", "Who monitors" and "What to do if there is a problem" at each point.
A similar mechanism was used to map the recommended slow and fast areas in the valley and this map layer was enhanced with aerial photos taken during the floods of Feburary 2014.
The resulting PVFF map layers have then been combined with map layers from others sources and are presented through ESRI's ArcGIS online platform.
The project aimed to reduce the risk of flooding in Bucklebury Village following widespread property flooding in 2007, while ensuring that flood risk was not increased in Stanford Dingley downstream.
The scheme was opened in 2011 by the Flood Minister Richard Benyon MP and village project lead Piers Allison. The scheme was designed by Peter Brett Associates to provide a standard of protection to properties of 1 in 154 (0.6%) annual exceedance probability. In February 2014, it proved its worth when the River Pang reached 2007 levels for several weeks and not a house got wet.
The scheme includes flood embankments, a bypass channel and a new 'dry' ford to divert flood flows around the village. It also includes a further embankment downstream to ensure the flood risk is not increased in Stanford Dingley. Despite the construction phase experiencing a terrible winter, the scheme was delivered incident free in April 2011.
The project was funded by the Thames Regional Flood Defence Committee with contributions from the villagers and West Berkshire Council. The vilagers formed a Community Interest Company and had a contract with the Environment Agency to manage the delivery of the project. Thanks also go to the local landowners (Bucklebury Estate and New Barn Farm) that enabled the project.
The West Berkshire Groundwater Scheme shown on the plan is a network of pumps and connecting pipelines designed to abstract groundwater in times of drought in order to augment river flow in tributaries of the River Thames, and so potentially increase the public water supply.
The Pang Valley limb of the West Berkshire Groundwater Scheme is highlighted on the plan. It extends beyond West and East Ilsley to the north and the nine wells discharge into the River Pang downstream of Bucklebury.
Analysis of the effect on groundwater levels during 30 years of abstraction at Compton for public water supply indicated that the overall Scheme could usefully be deployed in winter to drop the groundwater level sufficient to mitigate the worst effects of flooding in the Upper Pang Valley villages.
Three MSc projects (at Birmingham and Brunel University) have studied the potential for groundwater level reduction, and the downstream consequences of the discharge at Bucklebury into the higher level of river flow experienced in winter.
It has been concluded that the Scheme has the capacity to reduce the groundwater level by ~1m after operating for a few weeks and thus to mitigate the worst effects of groundwater flooding without exposing communities downstream of Bucklebury to a significant increase in flood risk. Pumping would need to continue to the end of the groundwater season.
Operation of the Scheme becomes more pressing with increasing flooding threat from rising groundwater level. Events as in 2014 can unfold over a period of just a few weeks. Thus, there should be potential for rapid deployment, preferably remotely actuated, however the system is manually operated presently. An appropriate triggering criterion also needs to be developed.
Furthermore, the decision-making process is not straightforward. The Scheme is owned by the Environment Agency within a statutory framework that operates for the benefit of Thames Water. Thames Water, West Berkshire Council and householders incur the main costs arising from high groundwater and flooding, and to mitigate this the operating framework of the Scheme needs to be revised.
Also, running the Scheme for several months incurs costs that need to be set against the savings from flood mitigation to provide economic justification for the proposal.
The project will construct a flood bypass channel to divert significant volumes of flood water (that would otherwise overflow within the village), before rejoining the river downstream near the highway culvert on the B4009 Church Street.
The design modes show that the scheme would mitigate the risk of flooding to all existing properties within the beneficial area from a 1 in 20 year flood event, i.e. a flood event similar to the event in February 2014. The proposed maximum flood extent during a 1 in 100 year plus 35% climate change event will also be reduced to a similar extent of the existing 1 in 20 year flood event along Water Street.
The proposed Flood Alleviation Scheme (FAS) comprises a flood diversion channel, similar to the temporary diversion channel created in 2014, located within the arable fields to the east of the village. This will redirect flows away from the residential area along Water Street where the Pang currently flows.
The proposed FAS will also introduce a small check dam with flow control in the main channel to reduce the flow from entering the channel along Water Street during high flow events.
The scheme will provide a standard of protection to properties of 1 in 75 (1.33%) annual exceedance probability.
A number of environmental enhancements are proposed as part of the scheme which will be finalised at the detail design stage.
West Berkshire Council (WBC) will project manage the design and construction of the scheme using their in-house engineering team. WBC will appointed a consultant to carry out the detailed design and a contractor to deliver the scheme on site.
The design comprises an overflow/bypass channel in combination with a ford upstream of the Mill Bridge. The aim of this proposal is to divert significant volumes of flood water (that would otherwise overflow within the village), before rejoining the river downstream of the bridge.
The scheme includes: